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Ship CBT Programmer

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COMPUTER BASED TRAINING PROGRAMS
CD#CBT Module Name
1Personal Safety
2Ship General Safety
3SOPEP
5The ISM Code
6OPA 90
7Inert Gas Generator
8Fuel Gas Plant
12Tanker Operation 1
13Tanker Operation 2
14Vessel Structural Conditions
15Corrosion Protection I
16Corrosion Protection II
18Cooling System
19Remote Control System; AutoChief 4
26Voyage Planning
27Ballast Water Management
32Liquid Cargo Properties
35Inspections
36Medical First Aid
48Gas Measurement
49Radar Observation and plotting
50Operational use of ARPA
51Introduction to Navigation
58COLREG
59Satellite Navigation – GPS
61Stability II, Damage Stability
63Mooring
64ECDIS
66Basic Ship Handling
73Crisis Management
87Personal Survival and Survival Craft
89Medical Care
92Introduction to MARPOL
95Marlins Study Pack 1 Progress Test
97Energy Conservation
99Low Temperature Insulation on Gas Carriers
103INS – Integrated Navigation System
115Security Awareness
121Ship Security Officer Training System
122ISO 14001 Environmental Management
123Risk Assessment and Management
125Hot Work
127Enclosed Space Entry
149Incident Investigation
156Piracy and Armed Robbery
157TMSA
160Fire Fighting – Basic
161Fire Fighting – Advanced
167Tanker Training System – Familiarisation
168Gas Tanker Training System – Advanced
172International Collision Regulations
190H2S – Hydrogen Sulphide Awareness
192MLC 2006 – Onboard Responsibilities
256Team Leadership
257Stress Management
CBT Modules 2020

#001 PERSONAL SAFETY

What is the intention of the Safety Meeting?

      The intention of this meeting is to inform and train the crew in safety matters and to get the crew to participate in discussions and make their own suggestions for improvements.

Why is it important that you become familiar with the vessel, the equipment and your own duties on board as soon as possible?

      In an emergency situation you need to know what to do and the position and use of different safety and fire fighting equipment.

Combine the correct hazard sources signs and name

pyramid-1
pyramid-1
                               “Gases”                      “Liquid”      “Noise”     “Heating”      “Chemicals”      “Vibration”
follow the pyramid alignment

Are you allowed to smoke marijuana when outside U.S water?

      No, any use of drugs onboard is strictly prohibited.

Which types of work require permits or check list?(Check all correct answers)

      Painting the mast with help of a bosun’s chair

      Chipping down in the ballast tank

      Welding on the poop deck

      Dismantling a pump

Which are the most common injuries in general on board?

      Sprain, cuts or twisting of arms, hands or fingers

      Foreign body in eyes from welding, dust etc.

      Sprain or cuts in legs, feet or toes.

Which accidents or injuries are the most common connected to maintenance work?

      foreign bodies in eyes

      injuries from abrasive blasting

      injuries from using chemicals

      injuries from falling

Place the correct text right of the pyramid

pyramid
pyramid

Protection and Environment work consists of which four elements?

      Information / Training

      Protective Equipment

      Following up Reports

      Maintenance

How can you best protect yourself against the most common injury, sprains or cuts in hands, arms or fingers?

      By using gloves when practical, and being observant of the risk

In which type of jobs is there a risk of exposure to harmful substances?

      Cargo handling

      Cleaning

      Corrosion protection

      Painting

      Tank cleaning

      Working in the engine room

Which One of the following statements is most accurate?

      Safety Helmets need to be worn whenever working on Deck or in the Engine Room

With regard to working in enclosed spaces, which One of the following statements is most accurate?

      The person posted at the entrance is there to maintain communication and raise the alarm in the event of difficulty

With regard to Safe Lifting Technique, Which One of the following statements is most accurate?

      The Load should be carried close to the body

With regard to hearing protection, which One of the following statements is most accurate?

      Ear Defenders should be worn whenever there is a noisy environment

With regard to working aloft, which One of the following statements is most accurate?

      Working Aloft means any work with a possible fall of more than 2 metres

Which One of the following statements is most accurate?

      Hot Work includes drilling and  grinding and some forms of electrical work

#002 SHIP GENERAL SAFETY

The ISM Code is part of:

      SOLAS

The ISM Code means that Ships must have a Safety Management System which requires that:

      The ship must carry written instructions for the operation of safety and pollution prevention equipment

The stresses on a Ship’s hull are caused by:

      Shear force and bending moments

If the thickness of the hull is reduced by corrosion then:

      The stress on the hull will be increased

Rules on how a vessel is built are contained in

      SOLAS, Classification Society Rules and other publications

With respect to corrosion of the hull, which one of the following statements is the most accurate?

      The thickness of the hull must be accurately measured when corrosion is found

When repairs to the hull are required, which one of the following statements is the most accurate?

      Only the flag State administration or their nominated surveyor can approve repair work

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Vessel propulsion usually depends on the main engine, steering gear, electrical supply system and auxiliary systems

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      The emergency fire pump must be located outside the engine room.

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      The main reason for lagging of exhausts in the engine room is to reduce the fire risk

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Self closing levers on fuel oil sounding pipes must always be left free to operate and the screw cap should also fitted to the pipe

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Steering gear must be tested within 12 hours of departure, and emergency steering drill should be held once every 3 months

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Lifeboat release systems can be dangerous unless operated correctly

Which one of the following statements is correct?

      Safety devices designed to prevent the accidental release of free fall lifeboats must be engaged during maintenance operations

Which one of the following statements is correct?

      Procedures for pumping operations should be available to the crew and be followed

Which one of the following statements is most correct?

      Watertight doors should usually be kept closed at sea and some may be required to be permanently closed at sea

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Watertight doors which are manually operated should always be fully secured, with all fastenings tightened

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Any defects with the seals on watertight or weathertight doors must be repaired immediately

Regulations give three options for ensuring that GMDSS equipment is always available for use in an emergency. How many of these options must a ship use if it operates near to shore in what are known as sea areas A1 and A2?

      One

Regulations give three options for ensuring that GMDSS equipment is always available for use in an emergency. How many of these options must a ship use if it operates well away from shore in what are known as sea areas A3 and A4?

      Two

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      STCW requirements for bridge watch ratings include steering, communication skills, keeping a lookout, and a basic knowledge of GMDSS operations

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      STCW requires navigational ratings at the support level to have knowledge of emergency duties and alarm signals, pyrotechnic distress signals, satellite EPIRBs and SARTs.

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Voyage planning is an essential form of risk management and should ensure that the navigating officer has all the necessary up to date information

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      All deck officers who have bridge watch keeping duties must hold a GMDSS (Global Maritime Distress and Safety System) operators certificate

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Single hull bulk carriers have had more structural failures than oil tankers but have caused less damage to the environment

Annex IV of MARPOL deals with which one of the following types of pollution?

      Sewage

Annex V of MARPOL deals with which one of the following types of pollution?

      Garbage

Guidelines for Ballast Water Management are given by which one of the following?

      The IMO Convention on Ballast Water Management

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Oily water separators require regular maintenance to work properly

Annex VI of MARPOL deals with which one of the following types of pollution?

      Air

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Without regular maintenance and correct operation shipboard incinerators can cause air pollution

With respect to the need to exchange ballast water, which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Ballast water can contain marine life harmful to the local environment and pathogens which can cause diseases such as cholera

With respect to the introduction of requirements for tankers and bulk carriers to have a double hull, which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      Double hulls increase vessel safety and reduce the risk of pollution but make it difficult to check for corrosion in void spaces

With respect to the introduction of requirements for tankers and bulk carriers to have a double hull, which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      The double bottom and void spaces must be coated and regularly checked for corrosion

Which one of the following statements is correct when a vessel is said to be ‘hogging’

      The fore and aft parts of the vessel are more heavily loaded than amidships

Corrosion in Bulk Carriers can be caused by:

      Severe local corrosion can result from mechanical damage to tank coatings caused by cargo grabs

Shear force and bending moments on a ship’s hull may be caused by:

      Cargo, ballast and heavy weather

Which one of the following statements is most accurate?

      The main and emergency switchboards are connected to each other but will be in separate compartments

Which one of the following statements is correct when a vessel is said to be ‘sagging’

      The amidships of the vessel are more heavily loaded than fore and aft parts

#004 SOPEP

What does the abbreviation SOPEP mean?

      Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan

Which statement is true?

      Every oil tanker above 150 gross tons and every ship above 400 gross tons must carry a SOPEP manual.

Are OPA 90 and SOPEP applicable for the same type of vessels?

      No, OPA 90 is also applicable to dry cargo vessels and all other vessels.

What is a Risk Profile?

      The Risk Profile is the total amount of risk factors related to your vessel.

What are the two most important parties to be notified in case of an oil spill in US waters?

      US Coast Guard National Response Center and the company representative in US.

What agreement is to be entered into between a vessel and a salvage company in an emergency?

      Lloyds Open Form (LOF)

What is the most important risk factor to be observed relative to contingency?

      Inappropriate training of personnel in preparedness.

What is the top priority if an incident occurs in US waters?

      Safety of the ship and crew

For which of the following categories is it important that predefined tasks have been established?

      Entire crew

Is it necessary to carry out ‘oil spill drills?’

      Yes, they should be carried out frequently

Who must contact the news media first?

      The head of the Company Casualty Group is to send out a press release if the incident is of public interest.

What do we call situations that could have led to an accident if they had developed further?

      Near misses

#005 THE ISM CODE

Which of the following is the main reason why the ISM Code was made mandatory?

      To improve safety

Which of the following regulations makes the ISM Code mandatory?

      SOLAS

Which of the following best describes what the ISM Code requires shipping companies to do?

      Establish procedures, plans and instructions to prevent human error

Which of the following best describes the overall objective of the ISM Code?

      To ensure safety at sea and prevent damage to the environment

Which of the following best describes one of the main things that the ISM Code requires the Company to do to improve safety?

      To assess all identified risks to its ships, personnel and the environment and establish appropriate safeguards

Which of the following best describes why the SMS includes procedures for the office?

      Decisions taken ashore can be as important as those taken at sea

When referring to the ISM Code what do the letters SMS stand for?

      Safety Management System

Which of the following groups are allowed to contact the Designated Person with their safety concerns?

      All Officers and Crew

Which of the following best describes one of the main goals of a Safety Management System?

      To establish standardised company procedures

Which one of the following is a functional requirement of the Safety Management System according to the ISM Code?

      Defined levels of authority and lines of communication between shore and shipboard personnel

Which one of the following is a functional requirement of the Safety Management System according to the ISM Code?

      Procedures to prepare for, and respond to, emergency situations

Which of the following best describes why the Safety Management System is continually reviewed?

      To ensure that it is realistic and adequate to meet its objectives

Which of the following best describes how the Designated Person (DP) can quickly change an unsafe situation onboard your ship?

      The DP can bring critical issues to the top management’s attention without delay

Which of the following best describes what a “hazardous occurrence” is?

      An undesired event which could have resulted in an accident

Which one of the following is the reason why you should report accidents to the Designated Person (DP)?

      To prevent it from happening again

Which of the following best describes who can suggest changes to the SMS?

      Any Company employee

Which of the following best describes what a “non-conformity” is, according to the ISM Code?

      A situation where objective evidence indicates the non-fulfilment of a specified requirement

The procedure for checking the fire fighting appliances does not include the new Breathing Apparatus (BA) that has been supplied. Which of the following best describes what you should do about this?

      Send a “Suggested modifications and improvement to the SMS” report to the Designated Person

Which of the following best describes why the ISM Code requires hazardous occurrences to be reported to the Company?

      So that procedures can be changed to avoid a future accident

You find a binder filled with Hot Work Permits on the bridge. Which one of the following should you do with the folder?

      Check the SMS to see how long permits have to be kept as evidence of following the SMS procedure for hot work

How often does the ISM Code require the Company to carry out an internal audit of the working of the SMS?

      At least once a year

Which one of the following will the Company check as part of its management review of the SMS?

      Masters’ reviews

Which of the following best describes the reason for the majority of accidents onboard ships?

      Recognised safe working practices or company procedures are ignored

Which of the following best describes one of the reasons why experienced seafarers still have accidents?

      Over-confidence can lead to carelessness

You are told to do a job you have never done before. Which of the following best describes what you should do to make sure you do the job safely?

      Check the SMS to see if there is any procedure describing how to do it

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the many checklists found onboard ships?

      They are written memos to accomplish a series of tasks

Which of the following best describes why checklists are often provided for use during emergency situations?

      To ensure that important tasks are not missed during these stressful situations

Which of the following best describes why work permits are required by the SMS for many jobs?

      To help plan any work and confirm the work will be safe

Which of the following best describes an important thing to look at on a work permit issued to you?

      The time over which it is valid

Which of the following best describes a typical reason to have a Working Outboard Permit issued?

      Rigging a pilot ladder

Which of the following best describes why some working procedures may not be kept within the SMS manuals?

      They are special plans required by SOLAS or MARPOL

Inspectors may ask about a ship’s “critical equipment”. Which of the following best describes what the ISM Code requires the Company to do with such equipment?

      Promote the reliability of such equipment or systems, including regular testing of equipment not in continuous use

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the familiarisation you are given when joining a ship?

      To introduce you to the various equipment and functions of the SMS

Which of the following best describes how you can find out what duties you are responsible for when promoted or sent to a new ship?

      The SMS manual

Which of the following best describes the ISM Code requirement which is met by carrying out regular safety and anti-pollution drills?

      To prepare for, and respond to, emergency situations

Which of the following best describes how you can avoid fatigue and the increased risk of human error?

      Make best use of the rest periods provided

Which one of the following best describes what you should do with Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) supplied to you onboard?

      Wear the correct PPE and to keep it in good condition

#006 OPA 90

What make the US Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA-90) different from other international recognised laws?

      The possibility of unlimited liability

What may be the consequences of unlimited liability?

      The insurances will only cover the limits of liability for that type of vessel and additional expenses will be charged the owner or operator, if necessary by taking legal steps to bring in the funds

Select all the reasons that can lead to “Unlimited liability”?

      Wilful misconduct

      Gross negligence

      Violation of the federal safety and notification requirements

How far from the shore extends the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)?

      200 Nautical Miles

For which type of vessel is OPA9O applicable?

      All types of vessels

What types of vessels must carry an approved Vessel Response Plan?

      Any tank vessel

What is a VRP?

      Vessel Response Plan

What is correct?

      COTP zones may have specific rules and regulations in addition to OPA9O

Are there any exceptions from OPA-90?

      Yes, transit passage through U.S. waters to a non U.S. port

OPA-9O notification requirements. What is correct?

      Notify as soon as you have knowledge of a spill, or threat of a spill

When must reports be made?

      Always if vessel, navigation or cargo handling safety is affected

Who must notify the cleaning-up contractors?

      The Qualified Individual

Notification logging procedures. What is correct?

      Every report and message must be logged including time and date

OPA-9O is referring to a Qualified Individual (QI). What is correct?

      The QI is an authorised individual, located in the US, and contracted by the owner or operator of the vessel

Do you always have to notify the National Response Centre?

      Yes, within thirty minutes

What is the function of an Incident Commander or Spill Manager?

      He is the Company Spill Manager

What are the master’s main responsibilities in connection with spill management?

      Safety of the vessel and crew

Which of the following considerations have to be observed regarding public information?

      Assessing public reaction and continuously evaluate procedures to keep the public informed.

      Prepare and clear within the Uniformed Incident, Command Team press releases, and planed press conferences in co-operation with the media.

      Co-ordination of spill activities with media, environmental groups and organisations.

What is the OPPT?

      An emergency team that is drilled in pollution prevention tasks

What is the main purpose of the Oil Transfer Procedure Safety Meeting?

      To co-ordinate operation, safety and emergency routines

What is the top priority if an incident occurs in US waters?

      The safety of the ship and the crew

Shipboard Emergency Drills must be carried out at least?

      Once a month

What can the Captain Of The Port request?       Unannounced drills at any time

#007 INERT GAS GENERATOR

Which term is used to identify the operation whereby fresh air is introduced into a cargo tank in order to remove toxic, flammable and inert gases and to increase the oxygen content of the tank to 21% by volume?

      Gas freeing

Independent, oil fired, inert gas generators are usually operated on distillate fuel rather than residual fuel. What is the main reason for this?

      Operating on distillate fuel normally produces a cleaner exhaust gas with a lower oxygen content due to relatively good combustion.

On which one of the vessel types given in the options would a nitrogen generator most likely to be fitted for the purpose of providing inert gas to the cargo system and associated spaces?

      Chemical tanker

Which of the given options represents the approximate percentage content by volume of nitrogen in atmospheric air?

      79%

Considering the ullage space of a cargo tank containing petroleum based oil. Which of the given statements best describes the atmosphere of the ullage space?

      It will contain a mixture of atmospheric air and hydrocarbon gases with an oxygen content of less than 21% by volume.

Which of the given options describes the lower explosive limit in relation to the atmosphere of a cargo oil tank atmosphere?

      The least proportion of hydrocarbon gases in a mixture with atmospheric air which is flammable.

What is generally taken as the minimum amount of oxygen in a mixture of atmospheric air and hydrocarbon gases that gives a safe margin against the risk of combustion?

      8%

What is the main risk associated with dilution of a normally inerted cargo oil tank atmosphere with fresh air?

      During the process the atmosphere may be within the explosive range for some of the time.

When gas freeing a normally inerted cargo oil tank what should be the first step in the operation?

      Purge with inert gas to bring the atmosphere to below the critical dilution line.

When considering an independent, oil fired inert gas generator what is the main purpose of the pilot burner?

      It is used to provide an ignition source for the main burner.

When considering an independent, oil fired inert gas generator how is the required flow of inert gas normally generated?

      The combustion air fans provide sufficient pressure to ensure the necessary inert gas flow.

When considering an independent, oil fired inert gas generator which incorporates a sea water scrubber unit. How is the water content of the inert gas normally kept to a minimum if the generator is used onboard an oil tanker?

      A demister unit is fitted before the scrubber inert gas outlet.

What is the SOLAS requirement regarding non-return devices in the inert gas main for inert gas systems on oil tankers?

      There must be at least two devices one of which should be a water seal type.

When considering the water supply to the deck water seal for an inert gas system which of the following statements is true?

      There should be at least one independent pump for continuously supplying water to the deck seal.

A water column type pressure vacuum breaker device may be fitted to the deck main of an inert gas system. Which of the statements given in the options is true?

      This type of device is usually designed to operate before the deck water seal reaches its limit.

When considering an independent, oil fired inert gas generator suitable for service onboard an oil tanker what is the SOLAS requirement regarding the composition of the tank atmosphere to be maintained?

      A maximum of 8% oxygen content

How is the quantity of inert gas from an independent inert gas generator normally monitored?

      By the pressure in the deck main.

With reference to the adjustment of the set points for the process controllers and the alarm for an independent inert gas generator which one of the statements given in the options is the most accurate?

      There is usually some in built security feature to limit access to these settings.

When considering the automatic operation of an independent inert gas generator the start up sequence normally has delays built in to ensure correct timing of the sequence. For example there will be a delay in the sequence to ensure sufficient furnace purging time. How can these delays be ensured in manual mode?

      By the use of timed interlocks which operate even in the manual mode.

In the event of a multiple alarm condition occurring during operation of an independent inert gas generator what will be the normal arrangement for the alarm display?

      All alarms will be listed in order of priority.

For an independent inert gas generator with automatic control which one of the parameters in the given options is most likely to have a controller set point that can be adjusted by the operator?

      The pressure of the inert gas in the deck main.

Some oil fired, independent inert gas generators incorporate capacity control to regulate the rate of delivery of the inert gas to the distribution system. Which of the given options is the primary element regulated by such a control feature?

      The combustion air blower load.

Which one of the given options is the most likely type of fixed gas measuring device to be fitted for monitoring and control of the quality of the inert gas produced by an independent inert gas generator?

      A paramagnetic type oxygen analyser.

Which of the given ranges of oxygen content by volume is likely to be achieved when supplying inert gas from an independent inert gas generator operating on distillate fuel?

      0.5% to 3%

SOLAS stipulates the maximum content of oxygen by volume that an inert gas system, including an independent inert gas generator type, must be capable of supplying. Which of the given options is this maximum value?

      5%

In the event that the oxygen content of the inert gas supply from an inert gas generator exceeded the value of the set point an alarm would sound. Which one of the given options is also the most likely to occur in such a situation?

      The automatic vent valve would open and the deck main valve would close.

During the operation of an independent inert gas generator, a problem develops with the scrubber unit effluent valves such that the water level in the scrubber unit reaches alarm condition. In addition to the alarm sounding what other action is most likely to result from this condition?

      Immediate shut down of the inert gas generator system.

Which one of the alarm conditions given in the options would result in shutdown of the burner unit and the blower continuing to run for a cooling down period when considering the operation of an independent inert gas generator?

      Scrubber pump low discharge pressure.

Considering an oil tanker fitted with an independent inert gas generator system. Which of the items identified in the options is most likely to be operating continuously when the cargo tanks are full of cargo?

      Deck seal pump

During start up sequence of an independent inert gas generator it is necessary to allow time for a pre-purge of the furnace whether in manual or automatic mode. What is the recommended minimum time for such a pre-purge operation?

      3 minutes

While operating an independent inert gas generator during cargo discharge it is noted that the automatic vent valve is continuously 50% open. Which of the given options would be the best adjustment to make in order to minimise the gas being lost to atmosphere whilst maintaining the inert gas main pressure?

      Reduce the system capacity control setting.

During loaded passage the inert gas pressure in the cargo tanks can vary due to changes in ambient temperature. Which of the given options would be the preferred way to maintain the correct pressure on a vessel fitted with an independent inert gas generator?

      Intermittent operation of the generator in automatic mode to top up the pressure.

The combustion air blowers of an inert gas generator may be used to supply fresh air during venting and gas freeing operations following purging of cargo tanks and lines. What precautions must be taken when carrying out such operations with an independent inert gas generator?

      Ensure all none purged tanks are properly isolated from the inert gas main.

When shutting down an independent inert gas generator there is a correct sequence to the operation. Put the given options in the order that they should occur when an automatic shut down of the generator is initiated. Ignore the fact there will be delays built into the sequence.

      Firstly – Automatic vent to atmosphere open followed by inert gas deck main closed

      Secondly – Main burner off and fuel recirculating

      Thirdly – Fuel pump stop

      Finally – Combustion air blower and scrubber pump stop.

High efficiency burners are often used in independent inert gas generators to ensure good combustion and that high quality inert gas is produced. Monitoring the gases from the combustion process can give an indication of the efficiency of the combustion. Which of the given options indicates good combustion?

      Minimum carbon monoxide content

Which of the given options is the main reason for ensuring that the air cone of the burner unit for an independent inert gas generator is properly positioned and maintained?

      If not it will result in poor combustion

Select the best option from those given to complete the following statement in relation to pressure vacuum breakers as fitted to the distribution system of some independent inert gas generator systems.

The correct operation of a liquid column type pressure vacuum breaker is dependent on …..

      ….the correct specific gravity of the liquid and the liquid column height

Which is the best test gas to use when checking and adjusting the zero setting of an oxygen analyser as fitted to an independent inert gas generator system?

      Nitrogen

What is the main reason for controlling the humidity of the inert gas produced by an independent inert gas generator when fitted to a gas or chemical tanker?

      To avoid compatibility problems with the cargo.

Independent inert gas generator systems fitted to gas carriers often have refrigerated type cooler dryer units fitted to control the humidity of the inert gas. Which condition of the gas is used to control entry of the gas into the drier section of such a unit?

      The temperature of the inert gas

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